Indonesia straddles the Equator between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.While it has land borders with Malaysia to the north as well as East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the east, it also neighbors Australia to the south, and Palau, the Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, and Thailand to the north, India to the northwest.Indonesia also has the largest Muslim population in the world.
In the decade that ended in 2010, population growth remained high at 1.49% each year but there is substantial Muslim opposition to boosting family planning.
Indonesia markets itself as Wonderful Indonesia, and the slogan is quite true, although not necessarily always in good ways.
The central government has in recent years instituted a program of LPG gas access to use as a replacement for the burning of bio-mass sources for cooking.
With 18,110 islands, 6,000 of them inhabited, Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world.
About 240 million people live in this fourth most populous country in the world — after China, India and the USA — and by far the largest country in Southeast Asia.
Infrastructure in much of the country remains rudimentary, and travellers off the beaten track will need some patience and flexibility.
According to the “Energy Access” Working Group Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development, in 2001, 53.4% of the Indonesian population had access to electricity and they consumed 345k Wh for each person in a year.
Indonesia's tropical forests are the second-largest in the world after Brazil, and are being logged and cut down at the same alarming speed. After decades of economic mismanagement 50.6% of the population still earns less than USD2/day according to figures compiled by the World bank in 2009.
This had come down by 6% in the 2 years between 20.
In the same year the residents of nearby Singapore had 100% access and they consumed 6,641 k Wh.
A very large percentage of the Indonesian population remain reliant upon wood for a cooking fuel.