Families are very closely knit as mothers guarantee their sons are looked after until they're married and their daughters are taught to take over their role as they seek out a husband.
Despite this diversity, many Chileans see their country as one that is rather homogenous ethnically and culturally.
Nearly everyone in Chile lives in a city or the suburbs today, but city expansion is often limited by the mountains.
These mountains also limit where people can live as some valleys are more livable than others and farming can only be undertaken in certain regions.
This education and work tend to pay off as Chile is one of the wealthiest countries in South America.
Once the family returns home for the evening or the weekend, the essence of Chile's culture is exposed.
On one extreme are the Mapuche people, who live much as they have for hundreds of years as they cling to the land and what it can offer.
On the other extreme are the country's economic elite, who tend to be ethnically European and live a lifestyle that reflects this heritage, often on the outskirts of Santiago.
This has led to massive urbanization among the people, but each city seems divided from the next and many people still live in rural areas, most notably the Mapuche, who tend to live off the land in the southern part of Chile.
Your Guide to Chile: ● Chile Page ● Culture & Identity - Food, Dining, & Drinks - Ethnicity, Language, & Religion - Relationships, Marriage, & Family - Social Life - Architecture ● History ● Geography, Weather, & Wildlife ● Blogs Most Chileans begin the day with breakfast then many of the urbanites begin their work or school day with public transportation as most workplaces and shops open at about or am.