The number of neutrons in the nucleus can vary in any given type of atom.So, a carbon atom might have six neutrons, or seven, or possibly eight—but it would always have six protons.They believe that neutron radiation caused by an earthquake could have induced the image of a crucified man -- which many people believe to be that of Jesus -- onto the length of linen cloth, and caused Paul Carlsson, a paleometagenomicist working to establish his own career after an abusive childhood at the hands of his scientist father, has never known a world that wasn't 5,800 years old--a figure that, according to his father, had been proven by the Shroud of Turin, the magic bullet and the Kennedy assassination, Romanov bones and DNA matches, Hitler's skull, tracking the killer virus of 1918, testing the Titanic rivets, and identifying Osama bin Laden.
Atoms are made up of much smaller particles called protons, neutrons, and electrons.
Protons and neutrons make up the center (nucleus) of the atom, and electrons form shells around the nucleus.
With our focus on one particular form of radiometric dating—carbon dating—we will see that carbon dating strongly supports a young earth.
Note that, contrary to a popular misconception, carbon dating is not used to date rocks at millions of years old.
An “isotope” is any of several different forms of an element, each having different numbers of neutrons.
Many people have been led to believe that radiometric dating methods have proved the earth to be billions of years old.
This has caused many in the church to reevaluate the biblical creation account, specifically the meaning of the word “day” in Genesis 1.
Before we get into the details of how radiometric dating methods are used, we need to review some preliminary concepts from chemistry.
Recall that atoms are the basic building blocks of matter.