There are 10 types of childhood trauma measured in the ACE Study.
Five are personal — physical abuse, verbal abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, and emotional neglect.
By combining reading skills with small motor skills and adding in spelling, your child is just learning to communicate via the written word - a skill that will be used and refined for the rest of your child's life.
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co.
__________________________ First….a tiny bit of background to help you figure this out…..(if you want the back story about the fascinating origins of the ACE Study, read The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study — the largest, most important public health study you never heard of — began in an obesity clinic.) The CDC’s Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE Study) uncovered a stunning link between childhood trauma and the chronic diseases people develop as adults, as well as social and emotional problems.
A large range of topics are covered in these educational articles, from back-talking toddlers to college-bound teenagers.
There are also articles about best practices to use with kids and teens with specific mental and physical needs.
The ACE Study included only those 10 childhood traumas because those were mentioned as most common by a group of about 300 Kaiser members; those traumas were also well studied individually in the research literature.
The most important thing to remember is that the ACE score is meant as a guideline: If you experienced other types of toxic stress over months or years, then those would likely increase your risk of health consequences.
Educational articles are an excellent resource for parents who are interested in learning about the best parenting practices from experts in the field.
With insights from top education specialists, these parenting articles provide advice and information for both typical and unusual parenting circumstances.
Five are related to other family members: a parent who’s an alcoholic, a mother who’s a victim of domestic violence, a family member in jail, a family member diagnosed with a mental illness, and the disappearance of a parent through divorce, death or abandonment. So a person who’s been physically abused, with one alcoholic parent, and a mother who was beaten up has an ACE score of three.
There are, of course, many other types of childhood trauma — watching a sibling being abused, losing a caregiver (grandmother, mother, grandfather, etc.), homelessness, surviving and recovering from a severe accident, witnessing a father being abused by a mother, witnessing a grandmother abusing a father, etc.